Monday, July 25, 2016

Kisah Nabi Musa, Hang Nadim berulang…

***
Dengan Nama Allah Yang Maha Pemurah Lagi Maha Penyayang, selawat dan salam ke atas junjungan besar Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.

Renungan
"Dan janganlah kamu menghampiri zina, sesungguhnya zina itu adalah satu perbuatan yang keji dan satu jalan yang jahat yang membawa kerosakan." - Maksud Ayat al-Quran Surah al-Israa': 32
***

DALAM mengekalkan kuasa pemimpin parti berslogan ‘dulu, kini dan selamanya’ semakin hebat menggunakan kaedah ‘political assassination’ (pembunuhan politik) pemimpin-pemimpin parti saingan mereka, hatta di kalangan pemimpin mereka sendiri.

Pemimpin-pemimpin berkaitan  dihadapkan dengan pelbagai tuduhan yang membolehkan mereka dibicarakan di mahkamah (seperti Lim Guan Eng) seterusnya dijatuhi hukuman termasuk penjara (seperti Anwar Ibrahim) yang tidak melayakkan mereka untuk bertanding pada pilihan raya umum akan datang.

Menjelang PRU ke-14 akan datang, lebih ramai lagi pemimpin pembangkang dihadapkan ke mahkamah dengan aneka tuduhan seperti di bawah akta hasutan dan menyertai perhimpunan haram. Malahan penentang kebobrokan pemimpin dalam parti dulu, kini dan selamanya seperti Muhiyiddin Yassin dan Shafie Apdal turut 'dinyahkan'!

Sebenarnya pendekatan ini seumpama kaedah Machiavelli, 'the ends justify the means' (matlamat menghalalkan cara) adalah sama tua dengan sejarah manusia. Manusia memang rakus untuk berkuasa, kalau boleh mereka mahu menongkat dunia 'buat selama-lamanya'.

Untuk berkuasa, dulu, kini dan selamanya; mana-mana orang dan pihak yang berpotensi untuk mengugat mereka perlu dihapuskan terlebih dahulu. Kalau boleh, semasa 'kecil' lagi mereka dimusnahkan kerana nanti kalau sudah 'besar', mereka 'makan tuan' pula.

Kalau kita menelusuri sejarah, kita dibawakan kisah tidak kiralah dari rantau timur (seperti China) dan barat (seperti England) malah di dunia Islam (seperti perebutan kuasa anak Harun Al-Rashid (khalifah Abasiyah 786-809M) iaitu Al-Amin dan Al-Makmun), bagaimana pesaing raja atau pesaing putera mahkota dihapuskan.

Teladan dibawa al-Quran pula adalah kisah Firaun yang mahu berkuasa selamanya malah mengaku tuhan, mengarahkan dibunuh semua anak lelaki bani Israil. Firaun bertindak demikian selepas diberitahu nujum istana bahawa akan lahir seorang anak lelaki bani Israil yang akan menghancurkan kuasanya.

Ironinya, anak lelaki bani Israil itu, Nabi Musa a.s. dibesarkan di istana Firaun sendiri. Demikianlah manusia merancang, Allah SWT menentukan segala-galanya. Kekuasaan Firaun berakhir dengan dia bersama bala tenteranya 'ditelan' Laut Merah ketika mengejar Nabi Musa a.s.

Di Alam Melayu, Sejarah Melayu menukilkan bagaimana pembesar Singapura 'membunuh' Hang Nadim, budak pandai yang menyelamatkan Singapura daripada serangan ikan todak. 

Kebijaksanaan Hang Nadim 'menakutkan' pembesar Singapura akan kehilangan kuasa, jadi mereka menabur fitnah dan akhirnya budak itu dihukum mati.

Hari ini, kita mempunyai sejumlah Hang Nadim (yang berani bersuara mengenai penyelewengan pemimpin dan pemerintah), tetapi nampaknya sejarah berulang, mereka disenyapkan atau mahu dilenyapkan sebelum benar-benar mati. 

Akibat fitnah Hang Nadim mati dan hari ini sejumlah Hang Nadim juga mati (termasuk dipenjara) yang natijahnya menyebabkan negara terperosok ke dalam kebobrokan yang sangat dahsyat.

Kini negara kita dilanda jenayah tidak dikenali sebelum ini. Bayangkanlah bagaimana masa depan negara apabila seorang warga Mongolia boleh berkecai diledakkan dengan C4 dan pernah seorang jutawan komestik wanita dibunuh; yang tinggal hanya tulang dan abunya saja? Nahas jalan raya pula semakin banyak seperti tak terbendung nampaknya.

Bahana apa yang menimpa negara sehingga begitu dahsyat bala ditimpakan Allah SWT? Tidakkah dapat kita melihatnya? Atau kita masih terpesona dan terpana dengan ucapan muluk pemimpin bahawa negara kita adalah yang paling aman di dunia?

Dalam kita bermuhasabah diri, mencari jawapan kepada permasalahan ini, sekali sekala muncul sejumlah Hang Nadim, tetapi kita buat tidak peduli. Hang Nadim ini bukan dalam bentuk individu saja tetapi juga kumpulan yang cita-cita mereka menyelamatkan negara ini daripada dibaham pemimpin yang menyamai sifat pembesar zaman Hang Nadim Singapura.

Berdasarkan perkembangan menakutkan sekarang termasuk rakyat diminta berkorban seperti berjimat dan mengubah gaya hidup apabila harga barangan dinaikkan termasuk dikenakan cukai penindas GST (pada zaman Hang Nadim pembesar menyuruh rakyat bertahan dengan paha mereka daripada serangan todak), apakah kisah Hang Nadim mahu terus diulang?

Rasanya sudah cukup derita ditanggung, marilah kita sama-sama bekerja keras bagi memastikan tiada lagi Hang Nadim mati dibunuh agar keadilan tertegak untuk semua!

Friday, July 22, 2016

Teladani keberanian, kekentalan orang Turki

DENGAN nama Allah Yang Maha Pemurah Lagi Maha Penyayang; selawat dan salam ke atas junjungan besar Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. 

Renungan

"Dan Dia yang menjadikan malam dan siang silih berganti bagi orang yang ingin mengambil pelajaran atau orang yang bersyukur." (Surah Al-Furqan; ayat 62) 

SEMASA mengembara di republik-republik bekas Soviet Union - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan dan Turkmenistan - pada 1992, agak hairan juga saya mendengar penjelasan penduduknya bahawa mereka berketurunan Turki; malah mereka menyambut Bairam (bermaksud festival - hari raya) sama seperti di Turki

Disember tahun lalu (2015) ketika berkunjung ke Turki, bagi merungkai kehairanan saya selama lebih 20 tahun itu, saya bertanyakan seorang terpelajar Turki di Istanbul; ya katanya, sebahagian besar penduduk di Asia Tengah malah sehingga di wilayah China (Xinjiang) adalah berketurunan Turki; ada yang berjuang menuntut sebuah rantau merdeka dengan nama Turkestan Timur (East Turkestan).

Katanya, kumpulan-kumpulan orang Turki pada zaman moden ini melalui perjalanan sejarah berbeza; sekarang ini wujud negara Turki moden di Asia Minor dan sebahagian Eropah manakala di rantau Asia Tengah muncul negara merdeka seperti Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan dan Turkmenistan manakala Xinjiang dalam taklukan China. Namun beliau mengingatkan Tajikistan bukan berciri mirip Turki sebaliknya Parsi.

Demikian betapa hebat pengaruh orang dan empayar Turki; semasa pemerintahan Uthmanyiah dulu (1301-1922) terutama ketika kemuncak kuasanya seperti pada zaman Sultan Mehmet 11 (Muhammad Al-Fatih, 1451-1481 yang menawan Constantinople pada 1453) dan Sulaiman Agung (1520-1566) daulah ini menjadi pelindung kepada kerajaan Islam serata dunia dengan Melaka dan Aceh dikatakan turut mendapat manfaatnya. Malah kota suci orang Islam - Makkah dan Madinah diperintah ratusan tahun oleh orang Turki. 

Sebelum muncul Uthmanyiah, Turki dimasyhurkan dinasti Seljuk dan selepas Uthmaniyah, muncul republik Turki moden yang diasaskan oleh Mustafa Kamal Ataturk pada 1924. Hari ini berdasarkan kunjungan saya ke Turki pada pandangan saya yang dangkal ini, rakyat Turki terbahagi kepada yang hendakkan kehidupan Islam dan masih berbangga dengan nilai dan cara hidup berkiblatkan Barat. 

Sebaik tiba di Lapangan Terbang Sabihah Gokcen (Istanbul bahagian Asia, di Istanbul bahagian Eropah ada Lapangan Terbang Ataturk) ketika ke masjid (di Turki surau dipanggil masjid), saya dapati ruang wanitanya sesak dengan jemaah bersolat sebaliknya di luar masjid, sejumlah gadis berpakaian moden termasuk berbut tinggi berlegar-legar dan berderai ketawa.

Apabila mengembara di Turki hatta di kota besar seperti Istanbul pada waktu solat waktu, masjidnya sesak tetapi di luar manusia yang penampilannya seperti orang Barat bergerak bebas; masing-masing sibuk menjalankan urusan duniawi. 

Ramai orang Turki masih menyanjung tinggi Ataturk, buktinya makamnya di Ankara dikunjungi ribuan orang saban hari malah ada ukiran wajahnya bersaiz gergasi di sebuah bukit di Izmir. Orang Turki juga tidak lekang menyebut dan berbangga dengan Ataturk malah wajahnya menghiasi banyak premis rumah dan kedai.

Dalam situasi beginilah berlaku cubaan rampasan kuasa tentera bagi menggulingkan pemerintahan Presiden Turki, Recep Tayyip Erdogan daripada Parti Keadilan dan Pembangunan (AKP). Erdogan dikatakan berusaha memberi nafas baharu Islam di negara sekular Turki di mana pengaruh tentera adalah tersangat kuat. Selain itu beliau berupaya melonjakkan ekonomi (taraf hidup) rakyat dan negara; dulu Turki berada di kedudukan ke-111 ekonomi dunia tetapi sekarang di kedudukan ke-16.

Apabila rakyat dijaga kebajikan mereka (dengan pemerintah menunjukkan kesungguhannya namun seperti biasa dan di mana-mana pasti ada golongan kurang senang), perasaan sayang timbul di hati mereka, lantas mereka turun beramai-ramai ke jalan raya bagi menggagalkan percubaan rampasan kuasa oleh tentera yang dikepali jeneral-jeneral berkiblatkan Barat termasuk Jeneral Akin Ozturk yang pernah berkhidmat di Israel.

Rakyat (orang awam) Turki sekali lagi menunjukkan keberanian dan kekentalan mereka, ada yang sanggup membaringkan diri di depan kereta kebal bagi menyekat kemaraan tentera. Warga Turki sekali lagi mengukir sejarah, mereka mungkin satu-satunya bangsa yang dapat 'menewaskan' cubaan rampasan kuasa oleh tentera yang dilengkapi peralatan canggih dan berat seperti kereta kebal dan jet pejuang.

Berhubung cubaan rampasan kuasa di Turki, kita sealiran dengan pemimpin PAS yang menggesa semua pihak untuk menghormati dan mendukung proses demokrasi, bertindak mengikut lunas undang undang dan tidak bertindak sehingga menimbulkan keadaan huru hara.

Kita difahamkan PAS berdiri teguh bersama hasrat rakyat Turki yang telah memilih kerajaan melalui proses demokrasi yang sah di samping menyokong kepimpinan Erdogan untuk memperkukuhkan demokrasi dan kuasa rakyat.

Apa yang dapat dipelajari daripada cubaan rampasan kuasa tentera yang gagal di Turki? Salah satu daripadanya adalah kesatuan rakyat yang jitu itu pun selepas pemerintah berusaha keras mengangkat kehidupan mereka agar dapat menyaingi taraf hidup di negara maju Eropah (Turki di ambang menganggotai EU).

Namun amat-amatilah sekalipun Erdogan dan partinya (AKP) berusaha keras menerapkan kehidupan Islam di bumi Turki; tiada paksaan untuk rakyat mengikutinya sekalipun 98 peratus daripada kira-kira 70 juta penduduknya beragama Islam.

Salah satu buktinya, sekalipun pemakaian tudung sudah dibolehkan di institusi pengajian, tetapi rakyat bebas berpakaian mengikut cara Barat tidak seperti di negara tertentu yang semua wanitanya perlu berhijab jika berada di tempat awam. Erdogan yang ketika di Sidang Kemuncak OIC di Istanbul beberapa bulan lalu, berkata dia bukan Syiah atau Sunnah tetapi Islam, mungkin boleh 'tersenyum' kerana majoriti rakyat 'sukakan' beliau sehingga sanggup mati menggagalkan rampasan kuasa tentera!

Pemimpin negara kita pula bagaimana; adakah rakyat sanggup mati mempertahankan anda, atau mereka awal-awal lagi sudah 'blah' menyelamatkan nyawa dan nasib masing-masing?

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Heart breaking stories during 'raya rounds'...

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful; blessings and peace be upon Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.

Reflection

The Declining Day (Al-'Asr)
1. By the declining day,
2. Lo! Man is in a state of loss,
3. Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort 
one another to truth and exhort one another to endurance.
***

HOW time flew fast; Hari Raya (1st Syawal) was just like yesterday but the truth we are already in middle of Syawal, the 10th month of the Hegira (Hijrah) year and in a few weeks time, would be 'haji' and 'hajah' would pack their bags for their hajj journey with its peak on 10th Dzulhijjah (in about one and a half month time).

On the 1st Syawal, I took my family for our 'raya rounds' - this time I included visits to 'abodes' of the less fortunate individuals and families for example visiting the former baby sitter of my youngest daughter (at the moment) who had been blind due to complications from her diabetics condition. We also visited two aged single sisters who were down with critical diabetics and heart problem and a very poor family, perhaps their incomes were less than RM500 per month. At their homes, we spend some time listening to their problems.

An 'ustaz' during his 'ceramah' (talks) recently said it is not difficult for us to donate money and goodies to the needy and poor but only a few among us could 'eat, sleep and play' (mix around) with them. How true, because many among the rich and famous could sent 'big cheques' to the poor but were reluctant to sit and eat with them! In Malay, they said they could 'jatuh taraf' (lose standard), 'jatuh air muka' (drop water-face) and 'hilang maruah' (lose dignity).

Visiting the sick and needy whats more on Hari Raya not only bring cheerfulness and happiness to them but also provided tremendous benefits to the visitors. In my family's case, we learnt a lot about life; but first let's pause for a while reflecting 'hadiths' (saying of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.) about visiting the sick.

Umm Salama reported: "The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him (s.a.w.), said, 'When you visit a sick or dying person, then supplicate for goodness. Verily, the angels will affirm whatever you said'." (Sahih Muslim)

At-Tirmidhi narrated that 'Ali (may Allah be please with him (r.a.) said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said: 'There is no Muslims who visits a (sick) Muslim early in the morning but 70,000 'malaikat' (angels) send blessings upon him until evening comes, and if he visits him in the evening, 70,000 angels send blessings upon him until morning comes, and he will have a garden in Paradise'." - Classed sahih by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Tirmidhi.

Hadhrat Aisha (r.a.) said: "If someone fell sick, the Prophet (s.a.w.) would pass his beloved hand over the sick person saying the following prayer: 'O Allah! Lord of mankind, take away the suffering, bring about recovery, only Your cure takes away illnesses'." (Bukhari)

The whole experience of visiting the sick is full of reflection. Looking at the blind former baby sitter who was trilled to our visit made me sad especially when she hold tight to my youngest daughter who is now 14. She took care of her some 10 years ago. She too locked my wife in her arms and soon they were seen sobbing...

As the drinks kept on pouring, she 'poured out' her heart. Over the years, she was hospitalized many times including being sent from the Melaka Hospital to the Kuala Lumpur Hospital after she complained having problems regarding her sight.

She had lost her sight completely and judging from her actions I knew she depended heavily on her sense of hearing; perhaps she was very sensitive to sound; when I ignited the car engine when we were about to leave her house, she was already at window, waving us 'bye-bye'!

During our visit to the two aged sisters who were not married; they complained among others they were told by their doctors to follow a very strict regime regarding food taking. One of them who was treating herself by injecting insulin via her stomach, said the doctor in charge of her said she could not take food including vegetables as she wish but suggested to her to take 'terung' (brinjal or egg plant) as often as she could.

"Yesterday it was 'terung', today it is 'terung', tomorrow would be 'terung'...how long could I stand this..."she cried but made us burst into laughter. I joked...why not today eat 'terung goreng' (fried brinjals), tomorrow 'terung rebus' (boiled brinjals) and tomorrow 'steamed brinjals'!

After the visits, I had an urge to 'lecture' my boys and girls about the importance of taking care of our heath but I choose not to do so in order not to spoil their 'raya' mood. 

Yes dear readers, I wanted to say that only through illness can we truly appreciate good heath from Allah SWT. But looking at the trend of the young generation including my own children, their way of life frightened me. They love fast food and not to mention about canned and bottled drinks.

They too stored the family fridge with packets and packets of 'modern day food' such chicken nuggets, burgers and fried potatoes. Every time they feel they need extra food, they cooked their own food sometimes even though it was already past midnight!

Sickness is a means of cleansing from Allah SWT as well a test from Him. To some people, Allah SWT delayed their death even they were on their 'sick bed' for years. But the fact is that, life is too short; at the end, all of us (either we were down with illness or not) would be sent to our final resting place that is the grave.

Life ends in death, so have we not learnt something from it? Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said life is like that of a man on horseback who stops under the shade of a tree for a while and then leaves it.

Other than material support, those unlucky individuals and families (the sick and the have not) too had to be guided to the truth path because Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was concerned not only life in this world but also life in the Hereafter. Many sick people I noticed did not bother to perform their duties as Muslims such as praying five times daily. They did not know that they could performed it according to their capabilities such as doing 'solat' (prayers) in sitting or lying position.


All Muslims are as one body. If a man complains of pain in his head, his whole body feels the pain, and if his eye pains his whole body feels the pain. All Muslims are like the component parts of a foundation, each strengthening the other, in such a way that they support each other.

Muslims are as one body...but in real life do we practice it? We (I included) rarely visit the sick...only once in a while (in the blue moon) such as during 'hari raya' we do pay them a visit. Then there are Muslims who made it hard for their brothers such as involving in back stabbing and breaking relations.

Muslims are brothers in religion and they must not oppress one another, nor abandon assisting each other, nor hold one another in contempt. The seat of righteousness is the heart; therefore that heart which is righteous does not hold a Muslim in contempt; and all the things of one Muslim are unlawful to another; his blood, property and reputation.

The creation is as God’s family; for its sustenance is from Him; therefore the most beloved to God is the person who does good to God’s family.

No man is a true believer unless he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself. When two Muslims meet, they shake hands, praise Allah and seek forgiveness of Him, both are forgiven.

Assist your brother Muslim, whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed. “But how shall we do it when he is an oppressor?” Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said, “Assisting an oppressor is by for forbidding and restraining him from oppression.”

When three persons are together, two of them must not whisper to each other without letting the third hear, because it would hurt him. Verily, each of you is a mirror to his brother; then if he sees a vice in his brother he must advise him to get rid of it.

Abu Hurairah relates that the Holy Prophet said: “Let none of you point at his brother with an implement for he knows not when Satan might make him lose his hold on it thereby injuring his brother.”

Anas ibn Malik relates that the Holy Prophet said: “Do not entertain mutual enmity, envy and anger, and live like brothers, being equally the bondmen of Allah, and it is not lawful for a Muslim that he should avoid his brother Muslim for more than three days.”

Isn’t that a real beauty of Islam? Truly, Allah has made Islam a perfect religion, as a guidance for human being to live in a perfect happy life in this word and Hereafter; the Qur’an says: “Allah desireth for you ease, He desireth not hardship for you.” (2:185)